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Barbarian Pagus (Grain) Markamannoz (Imperator Augustus)Markamannoz (Imperator Augustus) Minor Settlement (Grain) Level 4

Barbarian Pagus (Grain)

Riches grow when people work together.

Roman and Greek historians often described the barbarian tribes as wandering people who lived for the hunt and knew little of farming and construction. Nothing could be further from the truth. A number of structures have been discovered that show that so-called 'barbarians' had a firm grasp of building techniques and were able to construct homes and defences that have survived for thousands of years. Brochs, dry stone buildings found in Scotland, survived the harsh weather and provide interesting information about the people who built them. Many were multi-storey dwellings and historians still debate their use: some believe they were defensive structures; others argue they may have been prestige buildings, symbols of wealth and power.

Minor Settlement (Grain)

Barbarian Hamlet (Grain)
Barbarian Hamlet (Grain)
(rom_BARBARIAN_city_minor_grain_1)
Minor Settlement (Grain) Level 0
Barbarian Village (Grain)
Barbarian Village (Grain)
(rom_BARBARIAN_city_minor_grain_2)
Minor Settlement (Grain) Level 1
Barbarian Town (Grain)
Barbarian Town (Grain)
(rom_BARBARIAN_city_minor_grain_3)
Minor Settlement (Grain) Level 2
Barbarian Pagus (Grain)
Barbarian Pagus (Grain)
(rom_BARBARIAN_city_minor_grain_4)
Minor Settlement (Grain) Level 3
Barbarian Pagus (Grain)

Building Name

Barbarian Pagus (Grain)

Level Name

rom_BARBARIAN_city_minor_grain_4

Building Chain

Minor Settlement (Grain)

Building Level

4

Create Time

16

Create Cost

7740

Require Resource

Lead
Lead

Require Technology

Dry Stone Construction
Dry Stone Construction

Effects

8 food (this_region)
168 wealth from farming (agriculture) (this_building)
+80% wealth from farming (agriculture) (regions_in_this_province)
+2 growth per turn (this_province)
-10 public order(squalor) (this_province)
+1 army recruitment capacity (this_province)
[NOT DISPLAYED] Drives the road levels between settlements (this_region)
Tribute Collection Edict:
+3% tax rate (this_province)
Bread and Games Edict:
2 food (this_province)
+10 line of sight across borders (this_region)
+1% 1st, 2nd and 3rd Class (this_building)
Supplies: +5 + base * 0.4% (this_building)
120 grain (this_building)
+1 army recruitment capacity (this_province)
[NOT DISPLAYED] Drives the road levels between settlements (this_region)
+10 line of sight across borders (this_region)

Provides Garrison Army

300 Germanic Warriors
300 Germanic Warriors
300 Germanic Warriors
300 Germanic Warriors
300 Germanic Warriors
300 Germanic Warriors
Germanic Warriors
(GAR_Ger_Garrisoned_Warriors)
Melee Infantry
175 Germanic Hunters
175 Germanic Hunters
175 Germanic Hunters
175 Germanic Hunters
Germanic Hunters
(GAR_Ger_Local_Hunters)
Missile Infantry
200 Germanic Tribesmen
200 Germanic Tribesmen
Germanic Tribesmen
(GAR_Ger_Tribesmen)
Spear Infantry
200 Germanic  Axemen
200 Germanic  Axemen
200 Germanic  Axemen
Germanic Axemen
(GAR_Ger_Veteran_Axemen)
Melee Infantry

Recruitable Units

Recruitable Units Lv. 0
No. Unit Sol. Costom Cost Recru. Cost Unkeep Cost Ship HP. Ship Spd. Msl. Dmg. Rng. Sht. /min Amo. Mle. Atk. Mle. Dmg. Chg. Mle. Def. Arm. HP. Mor.
1
175 Gastraphetes
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_10_Crossbows)
Gastraphetes
(Crossbow Infantry)

This unit is the forerunner of medieval arbalesters. The gastraphetes crossbow, however, is more a handheld siege weapon than a battlefield weapon. The army of Syracuse was one of the first to use this weapon, with one unit of psiloi under the tyrant Dionisyus I. Later, this weapon would find its way into the Macedonian army of Alexander, used during several sieges by specially trained soldiers to kill city defenders.

175 1112 1112 14 200 4 15 26 10 8 34 8 20 45
2
175 Kestrosphendones
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_10_Dart_Slingers)
Kestrosphendones
(Dart Slingers)

The kestros is a dart thrown by a specially made sling, or propelled by a staff on a sling. It takes a long time to reload, but allows for more deadly and accurate shots than any other weapon of the time if correctly used, thanks to the shape of the darts, which can fly straight and precise trajectories. This weapon is mentioned in a Polybian account about new weapons in the army of Perseus, shortly before the last open confrontation between the Macedonians and the Roman Republic (169-168 BCE).""""

175 516 516 13 100 9 7 28 10 10 35 8 20 45
3
300 Sikeliotai Pantodapoi
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_10_Greek_Colonist_Levies)
Sikeliotai Pantodapoi
(Syracusan Colonist Levies)

The heritage of the citizen-soldier runs deep in all Greeks, no matter what their home.

300 562 562 26 9 11 66 4 20 30
4
200 Sikeliotai Pezoi
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_10_Greek_Marines)
Sikeliotai Pezoi
(Syracusan Marines)

Soldiers trained for the perilous service aboard the galleys of the navy, but also as an offensive force on land.

200 902 902 28 10 11 80 10 20 45
5
300 Sikelioi Milites
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_10_Italian_Levies)
Sikelioi Milites
(Sicilian Levies)

Angry Sicilians with spears should never be dismissed lightly.

300 568 568 15 9 10 65 8 20 35
6
175 Sikelioi Sphendonetai
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_10_Italian_Slingers)
Sikelioi Sphendonetai
(Sicilian Slingers)

Even in the hands of levies, slings are dangerous weapons.

175 476 476 5 165 5 20 18 7 6 44 1 20 25
7
100 Curisi
Cavalry / Melee Cavalry / (AOR_13_South_Iberian_Cavalry)
Curisi
(Iberian Cavalry)

Curisi are good medium cavalry that can perform well against light troops, but will generally get cut to pieces by superior spear infantry or heavy cavalry.

100 1551 1551 33 11 24 41 10 20 35
8
300 Iberi Milites
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_13_South_Iberian_Levies)
Iberi Milites
(Iberian Levies)

Iberi Milites are a reliable militia. Fast-moving and able to pepper the enemy with javelins before charging with their spears, they can be relied to beef up Iberian armies whenever numbers are paramount.

300 452 452 24 9 10 52 3 20 35
9
200 Loricati Scutarii
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_13_South_Iberian_Loricati)
Loricati Scutarii
(Iberian Loricati)

Iberian Scutarii are tough, fast, and well-equipped medium swordsmen that form the main battle line in Iberian armies. They are very dangerous against enemy light infantry and can hold their own against heavy troops.

200 1204 1204 40 11 13 76 14 20 50
10
300 Scutarii
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_13_South_Iberian_Scutarii)
Scutarii
(Iberian Scutarii)

Iberian Scutarii are tough, fast, and well-equipped medium swordsmen that form the main battle line in Iberian armies. They are very dangerous against enemy light infantry and can hold their own against heavy troops.

300 847 847 36 11 13 71 8 20 35
11
175 Iberi Funditores
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_13_South_Iberian_Slingers)
Iberi Funditores
(Iberian Slingers)

Some sling stones, in the right hands, are worth their weight in gold.

175 517 517 6 190 5 20 18 7 6 32 1 20 25
12
200 Dorkim Lybim Kbedim
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_15_Late_Libyan_Infantry)
Dorkim Lybim Kbedim
(Late Libyan Infantry)

Formed infantry that serves as an able backbone to any army.

200 1077 1077 36 10 11 77 12 20 40
13
120 Parasim Lebiponnim
Cavalry / Missile Cavalry / (AOR_15_Libyan_Cavalry)
Parasim Lebiponnim
(Libyan Cavalry)

Lightly armed horsemen that act primarily as scouts.

120 898 898 15 90 9 7 30 10 22 34 2 20 35
14
200 Dorkim Lybim
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_15_Libyan_Infantry)
Dorkim Lybim
(Libyan Infantry)

Levied soldiers that fight as javelin-armed swordsmen.

200 915 915 30 10 11 67 10 20 40
15
175 Mitnagsim Lybim
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_15_Libyan_Javelinmen)
Mitnagsim Lybim
(Libyan Javelinmen)

These javelin-armed skirmishers harry an enemy before the main battle is joined.

175 361 361 15 90 8 5 15 7 6 37 1 20 25
16
300 Mishteret Lybim
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_15_Libyan_Levies)
Mishteret Lybim
(Libyan Levies)

Relatively untrained citizens that are called to arms only in the most dire of circumstances.

300 518 518 28 9 10 71 3 20 40
17
175 Machimoi Toxotai
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_17_Egyptian_Archers)
Machimoi Toxotai
(Egyptian Archers)

All men serve the Pharaoh to the limits of their ability, even humble bowmen.

175 389 389 9 165 5 15 18 7 6 22 1 20 25
18
120 Machimoi Hippeis
Cavalry / Melee Cavalry / (AOR_17_Egyptian_Cavalry)
Machimoi Hippeis
(Egyptian Cavalry)

These spear-armed cavalrymen fight in close combat in service of the Pharaoh.

120 1530 1530 30 9 25 43 10 20 35
19
300 Machimoi
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_17_Egyptian_Levies)
Machimoi
(Egyptian Levies)

Levies are plentiful, and can stand in battle when properly commanded.

300 562 562 26 9 11 66 4 20 30
20
200 Shipri Tukul
Melee Infantry / Hoplite/Pike Infantry / (AOR_22_Babylonian_Spears)
Shipri Tukul
(Babylonian Heavy Spearmen)

These heavy infantrymen use the old pointed Assyrian helmet and have iron scale corselets. They fight with sword and spear, and carry the old-fashioned bronze-faced aspis shield.

200 1156 1156 30 9 13 84 16 20 55
21
175 Thanvare Madaen
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_22_Mesopotamian_Archers)
Thanvare Madaen
(Mesopotamian Archers)

Weight of numbers brings its own quality to arrow fire from eastern archers.

175 376 376 9 165 5 15 18 7 6 22 1 20 25
22
300 Gund-i Madaen
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_22_Mesopotamian_Levies)
Gund-i Madaen
(Mesopotamian Levies)

Levies can fight and are relatively cheap to maintain, but lack skill and conviction.

300 351 351 22 9 11 52 1 20 35
23
36 Elephantes Indikoi
Elephants / Elephant / (AOR_23_Indian_War_Elephants)
Elephantes Indikoi
(Indian War Elephants)

The most exotic and temperamental of beasts, these huge animals will trample any enemy underfoot and even scare away other smaller elephants!

36 2400 2400 12 6 16 42 12 105 25
24
120 Khuveshavagan
Cavalry / Shock Cavalry / (AOR_23_Persian_Cavalry)
Khuveshavagan
(Persian Cavalry)

A good cavalry charge can break the most ardent of enemies.

120 1940 1940 32 9 35 33 20 20 45
25
300 Roxolanoi Haploi
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_27_Roxolani_Levies)
Roxolanoi Haploi
(Roxolani Levies)

Spearmen are the backbone of an army; they keep cavalry at a respectful distance.

300 405 405 26 9 10 58 1 20 35
26
175 Skythioi Toxotai
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_27_Scythian_Archers)
Skythioi Toxotai
(Scythian Archers)

Men who cannot shoot go hungry on the steppes.

175 521 521 9 165 5 15 21 11 8 29 1 20 25
27
120 Skythioi Hippotoxotai
Cavalry / Missile Cavalry / (AOR_27_Scythian_Horse_Archers)
Skythioi Hippotoxotai
(Scythian Horse Archers)

These horse archers can pepper an enemy with arrows and fight off unwanted attention in close combat.

120 787 787 10 150 5 15 26 7 17 29 2 20 25
28
175 Paya Hinam Dunai Purma
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_27_Subeshi_Archers)
Paya Hinam Dunai Purma
(Subeshi Archers)

These archers wear a felt helmet, leather leggings, and a thick sheepskin coat with the wool turned inside-out, and carry a recurved composite bow. The bows they carry are a larger version of the Scythian recurved composite bow, enabling them to outrange, outshoot, and outpower other steppe nomad horse archers, making these foot bowmen the ideal counter to horse archers in a stationary exchange of missiles.

175 502 502 9 165 5 15 12 11 8 26 1 20 25
29
80 Corio Cunos Vidios
Melee Infantry / Special / (AOR_3_Celtic_Savage_Dogs)
Corio Cunos Vidios
(Celtic Savage Dogs)

The Celts are proud of their loyal hunting dogs. These ferocious animals can be trained for war, and rip out men's throats to break any resistance.

80 640 640 18 7 15 26 8 20 35
30
300 Aeudi Lugoae
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_3_Gallic_Levies)
Aeudi Lugoae
(Gallic Levies)

During periods of strife and war, it is sometimes necessary to call upon ordinary citizens to organize as militia. Called Lugoae, militia in Celtic societies are farmers, craftsmen, fishermen, and so on, called to brief military service in periods of crisis. They may train a few times a year to fight, and games and sports encourage a decent level of physicality, but they're still only militia, and can only be trusted to do so much.

300 496 496 21 9 10 65 4 20 30
31
120 Leuce Epos
Cavalry / Melee Cavalry / (AOR_3_Gallic_Light_Cavalry)
Leuce Epos
(Gallic Cavalry)

Leuce Epos constitute the bulk of Gallic cavalry. Well-trained compared to many of their enemies’ cavalry, they are invaluable to any army. They throw javelins at a distance, depleting an enemy before charging with their main spears. They are trained to throw javelins, charge, and withdraw repeatedly, and they do it well. A bronze helmet, shield, and light weapons may not seem the equipment of any particularly great cavalry, but they are a solid medium cavalry force, capable of running down routers, defeating light cavalry, and skirmishing if necessary.

120 1216 1216 26 9 22 39 4 20 40
32
300 Gaelaiche
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_3_Gallic_Medium_Spearmen)
Gaelaiche
(Gallic Spearmen)

The Gaelaiche carry cheap equipment: Celtic longspears, javelins, and a shield. Their longspears are fair quality, with broad, sharp heads that cause deep, terrible gashes, and can be used to bring down horses as well. These weapons are accompanied by javelins thrown into an enemy position to disorient and kill a few foes. The Gaelaiche are mostly composed of the youngest Celtic warriors, but there is no shame in an older, experienced warrior fighting with a spear as well; the spear is a respected weapon in Celtic society.

300 693 693 24 9 10 73 8 20 35
33
175 Aeudi Gaeroas
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_3_Gallic_Skirmishers)
Aeudi Gaeroas
(Gallic Skirmishers)

Even the poorest of the tribe can fight for the tribe's honour and glory.

175 412 412 14 85 8 5 18 7 6 50 1 20 25
34
300 Bataroas
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_3_Gallic_Swordsmen)
Bataroas
(Gallic Swordsmen)

The Bataroas hail from a region the Romans call Transalpine Gaul (Gaul on the other side of the Alps). Raised from the Celtic warrior class, these Gauls are proud and experienced fighters who often value feats of impetuous valour over acts of more prudent common sense.

300 865 865 38 11 17 62 8 20 50
35
300 Daki Drepanephoroi
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_39_Dacian_Falxmen)
Daki Drepanephoroi
(Dacian Falxmen)

Falxmen give all enemies pause: who wants to be cut in two with a single blow?

300 689 689 48 13 19 61 1 20 40
36
300 Daki Epistratoi Doryphoroi
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_39_Dacian_Levies)
Daki Epistratoi Doryphoroi
(Dacian Levies)

Even the lowliest of Dacians can carry a spear into battle for his people.

300 347 347 21 9 10 66 1 20 30
37
175 Kasatim Shardanim
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_40_Sardinian_Archers)
Kasatim Shardanim
(Sardinian Archers)

Archers are ideal for harassing the enemy from afar, and goading them into foolish action.

175 376 376 9 165 5 15 10 7 6 22 1 20 25
38
300 Dorkim Shardanim
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_40_Sardinian_Levies)
Dorkim Shardanim
(Sardinian Levies)

Levies are plentiful, and can stand in battle when properly commanded.

300 417 417 21 9 10 60 3 20 35
39
120 Reidonez
Cavalry / Melee Cavalry / (AOR_5_Germanic_Cavalry)
Reidonez
(Germanic Cavalry)

Reidonez ride small and sometimes poor quality horses, though they are excellent light cavalry. They are useful as scouts as well as skirmishers. However, like many Germanic warriors, they can lack battle-discipline and be overeager to enter battle against worthy opponents. This can lead them to be headstrong and difficult to restrain before a fight, as personal glory gained in battle is always welcome. Honour and standing come from fighting, and sometimes the urge for glory overwhelms their good sense!

120 1084 1084 26 11 20 34 2 20 35
40
175 Skutjanz
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (AOR_5_Germanic_Hunters)
Skutjanz
(Germanic Hunters)

A deer or a man: the target still needs killing.

175 528 528 9 165 5 15 21 11 6 29 1 20 25
41
300 Noricene Lugoae
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_7_Alpine_Levies)
Noricene Lugoae
(Alpine Levies)

While ill-disciplined, these men are ferocious fighters in search of honour.

300 496 496 21 9 10 65 4 20 30
42
300 Kluddacorii
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (AOR_7_Alpine_Swordsmen)
Kluddacorii
(Alpine Swordsmen)

Tribes from the Alps and some nearby territories have swordsmen of their own: the Kluddacorii (Klod-ah-kur-ee-eye; “Sword Band”). These men often wear little in battle, removing anything that might be a hindrance except trousers and shoes, and fight using a powerful charge after throwing their javelins in an attempt to overwhelm an enemy position or break a gap in an opposing line. Warriors from these tribes are high-spirited and very eager to fight given the chance, so they have decent morale, but their lack of armour is a detriment in a prolonged engagement, or if they are flanked.

300 727 727 33 11 13 65 6 20 35
43
200 Mamertinoi Doryphoroi
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (AOR_9_Mamertine_Spearmen)
Mamertinoi Doryphoroi
(Mamertine Spearmen)

The famous Mamertines are named after the Oscan war god they worship, Mamers. An Oscan people that live in Bruttium, they are bellicose in behaviour and are often used as mercenaries by the rival cities of Magna Graecia.

200 693 693 30 9 10 70 6 20 50
44
175 Slokhonz
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (Ger_Club_Levy)
Slokhonz
(Club Levy)

Bludgeoning the foe to death is a remarkably effective argument in battle.

175 192 192 11 80 6 2 27 7 8 22 1 20 30
45
300 Gaisolitho Aljod
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (Ger_Gaisolitho_Aljod)
Gaisolitho Aljod
(Celto-Germanic Ambushers)

Gaisolitho Aljod live on the borders between Celtic and Germanic territories. They are capable warriors who fight with long shields, javelins, and Celtic longspears.

300 468 468 30 9 15 70 1 20 45
46
300 Hattisku Framannoz
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (Ger_Gaizoz_Frije)
Hattisku Framannoz
(Chatti Medium Spearmen)

These Chatti spearmen are better equipped but still relatively light infantry. They are also an affordable unit, best used to protect the flanks. Their equipment includes a framea for melee fighting and several javelins.

300 720 720 32 9 11 71 6 20 45
47
175 Sitones Swajut
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (Ger_scandinavian_Skirmishers)
Sitones Swajut
(Scandinavian Skirmishers)

The Sitones are a Germanic or Finnic people who reside just above the Suiones (Swedes). It is said that these people are very much like the Suiones, except they are ruled by a woman, which goes against the Germanic custom. Each warrior is armed with a bundle of throwing spears, a slightly longer spear for melee, and a stout ovular shield, but they do not wear armour.

175 502 502 15 90 7 5 18 9 6 44 4 20 55
48
300 Suiones Druhtiz
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (Ger_scandinavian_Spearmen)
Suiones Druhtiz
(Scandinavian Spearmen)

From lands with a harsh climate in eastern Svealand, these people are accustomed to fighting every day for their own survival. In warfare it is up to each man to prove his own bravery and worth, so their uniquely savage charge into the enemy enables them to perform slightly better than their neighbours in that respect.

300 543 543 24 9 10 73 4 20 55
49
300 Slaganz
Melee Infantry / Melee Infantry / (Ger_Sloxonez)
Slaganz
(Germanic Clubmen)

Although the club is a crude and primitive weapon, it is still widely used by many nations throughout the known world. A club is efficient against shields, and especially any unit in a shieldwall, the most common tactic of any Celtic army. Suebi clubmen use a light, one-handed club, so they can carry and throw javelins at the same time.

300 481 481 32 11 11 56 1 20 40
50
300 Gaisofulkho
Melee Infantry / Spear Infantry / (Ger_Spear_Levy)
Gaisofulkho
(Spear Levy)

A lack of experience does not mute the aggression of these spearman in the least.

300 419 419 27 9 11 59 1 20 45
51
256 Markamannoz Speutagardaz
Melee Infantry / Hoplite/Pike Infantry / (Ger_Speudogordoz)
Markamannoz Speutagardaz
(Markamannoz Pikemen)

The Markamannoz are a famous tribe, warlike but organised on the battlefield. Among the elites, they have famous spearmen, the Speutagardaz. They are skilled enough to form impressive shieldwalls with five meter long spears, a rather unusual feature. Speutagardaz use long spears with a short and narrow head. They are well equipped, probably having light axes, reinforced leather armor, and a leather and scale helmet, which is lighter and cheaper than the usual iron helmet, but highly protective.

256 628 628 27 9 10 43 6 20 50
52
175 Juguntha
Missile Infantry / Missile Infantry / (Ger_Youths)
Juguntha
(Germanic Youths)

Youth, inexperience, and ignorance of battle: all can armour the hearts of the young.

175 441 441 14 85 7 5 24 11 8 50 1 20 35
53
60 Baggage Train
Cavalry / Melee Cavalry / (Supply_Barbarian)
Baggage Train
Baggage trains, if attached to an army, grant additional supplies for a limited number of turns, varying for each campaign based on turns per year. A baggage train can supply armies even under harsh weather conditions, and is vital for prolonged military campaigns.
60 600 600 6 9 1 22 2 20 20
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